The following transcriptions for 1857 are from the New York City newspaper,
Irish-American. Spellings are as they appear in the newspaper.
March 7th edition
The consolidation under one Government of New York and Brooklyn
has been proposed to the State Legislature by Senator SMITH, of
King's County, who has submitted a bill for the purpose. The bill
provides for the appointment of a Board of Commissioners to arrange
the terms of consolidation and submit their plan to the people at
the next general election. If a clear majority in each city and
town shall vote in favor of the plan, it is to be carried out. If
the rural districts go the other way, they may be excepted; and
if either Brooklyn or New York votes No, the project fails.
Mrs. Kate LUBY has favored us with copies of a Democratic song
of triumph, written and arranged by her, and entitled Welcome
Buchanan. The effort is creditable to the genius of our fair
countrywoman, and when sung (as the directions intimate it should be,)
"with Democratic energy," we have no doubt it will become a
favorite. It is published by Horace WATERS, 333 Broadway.
Samuel FRENCH, 122 Nassau Street, has purchased Frank LESLIE'S
New York Journal, which will henceforth be issued from his
establishment. The March number is before us and contains a good
deal of interesting reading matter, illustrated with fine engravings.
Taking into account the amount of matter given, it is one of the
cheapest periodicals around.
The lecture delivered lately by Capt. James HUSTON, on Sectarianism,
its evil influences, and the best remedy for those influences, has been
published by the committee in pamphlet form, for the benefit of those
who may wish to preserve it, or who did not hear it originally.
March 14th edition
Saint Patrick's Day - Ladies wishing to present a beautiful Wreath,
or a Bouquet of Flowers, to any Military company, or civic society
for the grand Procession of St. Patrick's Day, are informed that they
can be best supplied by calling immediately, at Robert CODDINGTON'S
Book Store, 366 Bowery, one door above 4th St., where there is a great
variety to be seen. This is a very appropriate occasion for ladies to
compliment their Military friends: by presenting the company with one
of CODDINGTON'S handsomest wreaths.
May 9th edition
CONNELL's Brass Band is fully prepared to furnish any number of Musicians
for MILITARY and CIVIC PARADES, Boat and Target Excursions, Serenades, etc.
Quadrille Band for BALLS, PARTIES, PICNICS, etc.
P.Q. CONNELL, leader
148 Sullivan Street, near Houston
May 16th edition
P.M. HAVERTY, 110 Fulton Street, has issued a handsome and very cheap
volume, Lady Morgan's most popular work - The Wild Irish Girl. We
hope its circulation will be as large as the merit of the book itself
and the enterprise of the publisher deserve.
May 30th edition
Legitimate vs. Illigetimate Irish Societies
A Word to the Wise
To the editors of the Irish-American:
I perceive in your recent issues notices of some three representations -
or, more properly speaking, misrepresentations - of the Ancient Order of
Hibernians. There appear to be three Richmonds! Who knows how the ensuing
week may bring forth three more illegitimate bandlings, thereby making
Six Richmonds in the field.
I consider it my prerogative, and at the same time, my duty, to apprise
my fellow-countrymen of facts connected with the Ancient Order proper,
leaving the orginators of the East 12th Street, Westchester House, and
Tammany Hall movements to inhale the odor of their own befouled nests.
The Order proper, of which I have the honor of being a member, arose from
no modern fanaticism, theory or traitorism: its banner fluttered in the breeze
centuries ago on the plains of Clontarf; its principles were sealed with
the blood of Brian the Brave; its soul-inspiring music was heard on the city and
hamlet; its clarion notes inspired the brave and gallant Sarsfield, and, in
modern days, aroused the patriotism of the lamented Emmett. Its suppression
has baffled the power of Saxon despotism. It has been wafted on angel wings of
philanthropy and non-violence to this mighty Republic, and laid its dew-starred
treasure at Columbia's feet. In vain will these disorganizers attempt its
extinction: their puny arms cannot thwart its onward course. Its chart is the law,
of the United States, and like a gallant bark it rides majestically on the troubled
waters of intrigue - its crew armed with integrity and truth, and innured to all.
Fellow-countrymen, I enter reluctantly on newspaper controversy; yet I advise you
to beware of the syren song of these Arnolds. They are in the tares sown amongst
the wheat: the present season will shrew them up in all their Iscarlot deformity: they
have sown the wind and may reap the whirlwind. These creatures, so repugnant to the
feelings of every honest man, are fully aware that we are the legitimate Society, and
the only one that can exist in New York, based on the same principles. Our authority
to act is guaranteed by the patent (or chartered) right, on record in the
Secretary of State's office. They know our influence at home and abroad; hence their
enmity and desire to keep Irishmen at variance. Their insignificance has so far
prevented us from taking steps to punish their degenerate designs. Were we not
conscious that their yelpings hurt us not, we might be induced to hold them
responsible for their actions. As it is, we dismiss them with mingled pity and contempt,
leaving them as targets for the finger of scorn to be pointed at. We invite our
countrymen to witness our Procession on some Gala Day, marching up Broadway to the tune of Yankee Doodle, Garryowen and Patrick's Day in the morning.
Peter R. GAYNOR
National Delegate, Ancient Order of Hibernians
June 6th edition
Office, 379 Broome Street, near Mulberry. Consultations daily in all
Diseases of Chest, Heart and Throat, and a positive opinion given in
every case. Special attention paid to the Diseases of Women and
Children. Free advice to the Poor. Office hours: 2 to 4, 6 to 8 P.M.
Mrs. William SHEEHAN, 240 3rd Avenue, cor. 21st Street,
Begs to inform her numerous friends and the public that she has opened
above the store with a large and fashionable stock of
Millinery and Fancy Goods,
which, for elegance, style and cheapness, cannot be surpassed.
June 21st edition
Joseph TAYLOR, Esq., Commissioner of Streets, died on the afternoon
of the 9th inst., at his residence in this city, of consumption.
A married woman named Eliza SHAW, residing in the 1st Avenue, near
22nd Street, was found on the morning of Sunday week, under the windows
of her residence quite dead, and with her throat cut. An inquest was
held by Coroner PERRY, and the jury brought in a verdict implicating
her husband in her death; but the Coroner refused to receive it as it
conflicted with the evidence. The jury then found that the deceased
came to her death by her throat being cut by some persons unknown.
A laborer named Patrick KEARNS, residing in York Street, fell from the
roof of the new iron building, corner of Chambers and Church Streets, on
the 9th inst., and was killed instantly.
A fire took place early on the morning of the 9th inst., in 53rd Street,
in a frame house occupied by Mr. James SHERWOOD (or SHEPHARD). The building
was burned to the ground, and Mrs. SHERWOOD perished in the flames.
The Brooklyn Common Council have appointed John BERRY, Esq., Counsellor to the
Commissioner on Williamsburg claims, and Joseph J. MARRIN, clerk, fixing the
salary of the former at ,000 and the latter at $1,000 per year.
A plasterer named KEYS, residing near the corner of Hoyt and Butler Streets,
Brooklyn, has been arrested on suspicion of murdering his wife. The woman was
found dead in the basement where they lived, her jaw broken, her body covered
with blood and bruises, and presenting a horrifying spectacle.
Wm. SHEHAN, a sailor, and native of Ireland, was stabbed on Tuesday night week in
Cherry Street, by two negroes, and died in the City Hospital on Friday. The negroes
have been committed to answer.
Thomas DENINEY, charged with setting fire to his grocery store, in 2nd Avenue, last
September, was tried in the Court of Sessions last week, found guilty of arson in
the second degree, and sentenced to ten years imprisonment in the State Prison. He
was ably defended by Richard BUSTEED, Esq.
July 4th edition
Serious riots took place in New York and its vicinty, on Sunday
last. In the 11th Ward on Sunday a gang of rowdies made an attack
on Hook and Ladder Company No. 12. Capt. McKINNEY, of the 13th
Ward, and nine of his policemen, happening to be in the neighborhood,
interferred to quell the riot and succeeded in arresting the leader
of the rowdies. His companions then attacked the police, rescued the
prisoner, and inflicted desperate injuries on some of the officers.
Capt. McKINNEY, it is feared, will not recover.
Another fight took place at Hudson Park, between a number of Germans,
who were on an excursion, and some rowdies who molested them. Several
of the Germans were badly beaten, and a man named John McCARTHY, of the
opposite party, was carried off the field insensible.
In Williamsburgh a riot took place in First Street, near Grand, originating
with a German who was beating his wife. A number of bystanders were drawn
into the row, and Frank KELLY, James QUINN, and two others unknown were
A fireman's riot also took place at a fire in Water St., Brooklyn, between
engine companies 5 and 7. A man named William McCORMACK, employed at N?dine's
livery stables, was run over and had his leg fractured.
The Ancient Order of Hibernians Benevolent Society of New York -
Peter R. GAYNOR, National Delegate and Secretary
John TUCKER, Deputy Secretary
Patrick McCAFFREY, Aid
Michael McGRANN, Aid
John FINLEY, Aid
July 25th edition
A private watchman named DOWLING was stabbed by another named
James GANNON on Tuesday week in 38th Street, near 6th Avenue.
GANNON was arrested and the wounded man was carried to the
On the 6th inst., a man named Geo. MARTIN, employed in the factory
of F. STEVENS, West 27th Street, fell from the hay loft of the
premises and was killed.
August 15th edition
SCATCHARD, who was convicted lately in the Court of General Sessions,
before Judge RUSSELL, of conspiring to effect the release of the notorious
forger HUNTINGDON, by means of a forged pardon, was ably defended by the
Hon. E.J. PORTER, and John M. HARRINGTON, Esq., of this city. The later
gentleman made a stirring appeal to the jury in his behalf; and although
they brought in a verdict of guilty, yet they recommended the prisoner to
mercy, and subsequently signed a petition to the Judge through the means
of which sentence was suspended and he was discharged from custody. Such
a result is highly creditable to his counsel.
August 22nd edition
A man named Patrick DRISCOLL was found drowned in the Canal at
Buffalo last week.
On the 1st inst., a gentleman named CHAPEL, put up at the Mansion
House in Buffalo, and was soon after found dead in his room.
A dispute occurred last week at Cold Spring, NY, between a man
named Michael TALLEN and his brother-in-law, John McKEARN, in
which the latter was shot, as is supposed fatally.
Two lads, sons of Mr. MAYHAR, a liquor merchant, of Albany, and
Mr. FLYNN were drowned in the river on Thursday afternoon of last
week, while bathing.
Mr. LAIOURETTE has been held to bail to appear at the next Criminal
Court of Richmond County, on the charge of being concerned in
the attack on the new quarantine buildings at Seguine's Point.
September 5th edition
Bridget PLUNKETT, residing at 336 Water Street, was drowned on
Sunday week by the upsetting of a boat off Governor's Island.
The body of a woman named Sarah ORR, residing at 112 Roosevelt
Street, in this city, was found in the river last week. She had
been missing for some time.
A man named Patrick SULLIVAN, aged 23 years, fell overboard and
was drowned at the foot of Twenty-sixth Street, a few nights ago.
A man named Denis SULLIVAN has been arrested at Oswego, NY, charged
with the murder of an old gentleman named Joshua HIBBARD, living on
a farm in the vicinity.
A man named Patrick RAYNOLDS, of Albany, while intoxicated a few days
ago, laid down upon the track of the Central railroad, where he was
run over by a train and killed.
Last week, while some laborers were engaged at Bullis' dock, Greenbush,
N.Y., in unloading a vessel, having a cargo of stone, the derrick broke,
killing Mr. John DOYLE, one of the men.
A laborer named Patrick LARKIN, aged 30, was instantly killed last week
by falling from a scaffold while at work upon the Convent of the Sacred
On the night of Tuesday week, a man named Patrick COSGROVE, residing at
No. 124 Third Avenue, was thrown from a cart at the corner of 10th street
and First Avenue, and dangerously hurt.
A sailing yacht was run down in the East River on Wednesday, and three men
who were in her were thrown into the water; but they were rescued by a
boatman named Robert K. KELLY, of Grand Street.
A young emigrant named George M. HENDERSON, under the influence of temporary
insanity and mental depression, attempted last week to drown himself and cut his
throat, but was prevented and taken to the asylum on Blackwell's Island.
On Tuesday week, Mrs. Elizabeth DRINKWATER, was burned to death at the house of
her brother-in-law, Mr. Henry ELKIN, 81 Hicks Street, Brooklyn, by the explosion
of a fluid lamp which she attempted to fill while burning.
An Irishwoman named Margaret SULLIVAN, aged 35, was found drowned in the North
River, at the foot of Warren Street, last week. It is supposed she committed
suicide in consequence of quarrelling with her husband. She left two young
Michael WALSH, a clerk who had been for about three months employed as salesman
in the dry goods store of D. Thomas & Co., 141 Spring Street, was arrested last
week, charged with stealing worth of silks from his employers. He was held
September 12th edition
A son of Mr. P.B. CONWAY, of Troy, whilst crossing the Poestenkill
Creek, on the Union Railroad bridge last week, accidentally fell
into the stream, and was drowned.
A few days since, a man named BRANNAGAN, while intoxicated, laid
down on the track of the Central Railroad, near Van Woert Street,
Albany, and was run over by a train of cars and killed.
James H. MAGEE, a grocer doing business at the corner of Ninth
Avenue and 44th Street, was arrested last week, charged with
attempting to burn the premises with intent to defraud the
Michael ROWEN, a boy who was run over, July 18th, by a horse and
cart, while attempting to cross at the corner of South and Catharine
Streets, died last week, in the City Hospital.
A woman named Margaret ROACH, aged about 60, fell out of a second
story window at 14 Court Street, Brooklyn, and injured herself so
that she died on the 1st inst.
A man named Michael CARROLL, died last week at No. 62 East 42nd Street,
from injuries received in being run over by an engine of the Harlem
Railroad, corner of Fourth Avenue and 43rd Street, on the 11th ult.
The boiler of a steam piling machine exploded on Wednesday at Penny
Bridge, Brooklyn, killing a man named Thomas McGAVERY instantly, and
seriously injuring Thomas HENRY, both residing in 36th Street, New York.
The body of James DALY, who kept a junk shop in 27th Street near Ninth
Avenue, was found last week in the North River, foot of Christopher Street.
It was supposed he was drowned accidentally, while intoxicated.
On the 2nd inst., a laboring man named Michael ENNIS, residing at No. 32
Vande Water Street, was engaged putting a barrel of slush on board a ship
from the Collins Wharf, foot of Canal Street, when the barrel burst and fell
upon him knocking him into the dock. He was imediately rescued, but died
On Sunday week, a man named Thomas McDONALD, residing in the town of Washington,
Dutchess County, whilst under the influence of liquor, stabbed his father with
a knife and severely wounded him. He afterwards took his gun and deliberately
shot his brother Patrick, causing a very gangreous wound. The assailant was then
John B. ROBERTSON, Cashier of the Eagle Bank, Rochester, was arrested
last Wednesday on a charge of attempting to produce the death of his
wife by administering certain drugs of a slow but deadly nature.
September 19th edition
On the 8th inst., Mrs. SMITH, wife of Thomas SMITH, storekeeper of
Hastings, NY, and a little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. SMITH, came to
their deaths by being struck by a locomotive of the Hudson River
Railroad, while walking on the track.
Thomas KELLY, who resided at No. 198 Thirteenth Street, died last
week in the City Hospital, from the result of injuries received
some days previously by being thrown from his cart, by which his leg
was broken and had to be amputated.
September 26th edition
A man named Patrick KELLY, residing at 249 East 18th Street,
fell down stairs on the evening of the 14th inst., and was killed.
A man named James SHEPHERD has been arrested for having set fire
to his house in 53rd Street, last June. His wife was burned to
a cinder in the conflagration.
On the 15th inst., a man named Patrick BURKE had one of his legs
broken at the Crystal Palace, by the fall of a piece of a fly-wheel.
A man named John O'BRIEN was fatally stabbed at No. 8 Caroline
Street, in this city, on the night of the 14th inst., by Thomas
BYRON, who is in custody.
William DOYLE, a gardener, committed suicide at New Brighton,
Staten Island, last week by jumping into the water from the dock.
James MORRISSEY, a Brooklyn newsboy, was crushed to death last week by
the fenders at the Fulton Ferry on which he was sitting as a boat
was coming in.
On the 8th inst., a man named Patrick KEITH was run over by a
baggage car on the Long Island Railroad, and died on the 14th
from the effects of his injuries.
On Friday last, a boy named Bernard FLYNN, whose parents reside in
Harrison Street, Brooklyn, accidentally fell from a lumber pile where
he was engaged at work at the foot of Baltic Street, and was drowned.
William GORDAN, a brakeman on the N.Y. and Erie R.R. died at New York
Hospital from injuries received a few days previous, by being run over
by a train of cars near the Suffern Station.
Ellen DUFFY, a child four years old, was burned to death on the night of
the 16th inst., at 241 Sixth Street, by the bed taking fire from a
match which she lit herself.
October 10th edition
A man named Patrick DONAHOE had his leg fractured last week,
near Tompkins Market, by the caving in of a sand bank.
Mrs. ELLIOTT, of 347 Second Avenue, was dreadfully burned last
week, by the explosion of a camphene lamp.
A child named Mary Ann FLYNN, aged 6 years, whose parents reside
at No. 274 First Avenue, was killed last week by falling from a
third story window.
Florence SULLIVAN, a child five years of age, was killed last
week in 49th Street and Second Avenue, by a fragment of rock
thrown by a blast, falling upon her.
A man named Patrick FARREL had his collar bone fractured on
Thursday, by a fall from a new building on the corner of Fourth
Street and the Bowery.
A man named Edward DUNN was run over by a freight train on the Long
Island Railroad on the 26th ult., and died in the Brooklyn hospital
from the injuries received.
The Nassau Water Company are actively engaged in laying pipes for
the introduction of water to the principal streets of Brooklyn.
Joralemon Street and Montague Place have already been completed,
and the work is progressing rapidly in other sections.
Tammany Hall - United Democratc Republican General Committee
Committee called to order, Thursday eveing, Oct. 1, 1857, by
Edward COOPER, Esq. Henry H. MORANGE and Samuel D. VANDERHEYDEN,
were announced as the selected Secretaries of the Committee.
The names of the following gentlemen, duly selected to constitute
the Union Committee, were placed upon the rolls of the Committee,
and called by the Secretaries.
First Ward - Michael MURRAY, Thomas BYRNES, Wm. BURNS, Thomas
STEWART, William WILSON.
Second Ward - William MIAER, James LEONARD, John F. BORU, Alfred
CHANCELLOR, John DONNELLY.
Third Ward - H.G. CROZIER, Daniel E. SICKELS, Jas. HACKETT, Joseph
HARRISON, P.G. MORONY.
Fourth Ward - George H. PURSER, Thomas FITZGERALD, Bartholomew HEALY,
William BAIRD, John SHEA.
Fifth Ward - John CREIGHTON, Robert DONNELL, Robert C. McINTIRE,
Benjamin A. COLLARD, James LAWRENCE.
Sixth Ward - William CANTWELL, John CLANCY, Walter ROACH, Morgan JONES,
Seventh Ward - Isaiah RYNDERS, Wilson SMALL, James McMAHEN, John TIPPER,
William M. TWEED.
Eighth Ward - Benjamin WOOD, Daniel E. DELAVAN, Charles R. RING, Gershon
COHEN, Daniel LINN.
Ninth Ward - William J. BRISLEY, William D. KENNEDY, Henry H. MORANGE,
Philip W. EUG?, John RICHARDSON.
Tenth Ward - Elijah F. PURDY, Asahel REED, Joseph M. MARSH, Samuel T.
WEBSTER, John HARRISOT.
Eleventh Ward - Bernard KELLY, George WHALTE, A. B. ROLLINS, Andrew R.
JACKMAN, John H. HO?SHKIRK.
Twelfth Ward - H. RICHARDSON, Wm. O. WEBB, T. McGUIRE, Charles BOLCE, John
Thirteenth Ward - T.H. FERRIS, James CUNNINGHAM, John FRAZIER, Peter
MITCHELL, Ed. WIT?ERALL.
Fourteenth Ward - Michael TOUMEY, Thos. DUNLAP, J.H. CHAMBERS, H.P. WEST,
Fifteenth Ward - Isaac V. FOWLER, W.R. JONES, Isaac BELL Jr., Peter DUFFY,
Benj. S. HART.
Sixteenth Ward - Samuel OSGOOD, Emauel B. HART, Charles A. MAY, Samuel D.
VANDEHEYDEN, M. HALPIN.
Seventeenth Ward - John COCHRANE, J.W. CHANDELER, Manus KELLY, V. REILLY,
Eighteenth Ward - Edward COOPER, A.D. RUSSEL, C.G. GUNTHER, Harris WINES Jr.,
Nineteenth Ward - T. MESPEDON, John FAGAN, A. PERRICK, John L. BROWN, T.
Twentieth Ward - Peter H. SWEENEY, Wm. JUICE, N.J. WATERBURY, Daniel KENNEDY,
Twenty-first Ward - Andre FREMENT, Josiah RUTHERLAND, Patrick DON, R. M.
CONNOLLY, P. MORIARITY.
Twenty-second Ward - Fernando W?ED, A. W?ED, D. F. ROOT, George D. DAVIS, N.
The following is an anonymous op-ed type piece from Harper's
Harper's Monthly Magazine
June - November 1866
Old Times and New
Who among us, having attained manhood or womanhood, does not
sometimes indulge in the regretful pleasure of retrospection?
Who is there so happy in the present that old times, old friends,
old memories furnish not the greater part of his holiday musings?
Pope's often-quoted line - Man never is, but always to be
blest, is pertinent only to forward-looking youth; after
middle age past blessings occupy a larger share of our
attention than the events of the apathetic present or the
illusions of the promissory future. Popular slang, in its
adolescence, petted the phrase, There's a good time coming!
but we are not all Micawbers; and you and I, dear Paterfamilias,
learned long ago that Time in the Future is an arch trickster -
a hoary black-leg - who stakes in the Game of Life against our
very heart's blood only his promises to pay notes of hand which
no one will discount now, and which, when they arrive at
maturity, are sure to be protested - the only result of our
investigations concerning the affairs of the insolent
valetudinarian being the conventional plea of no effects.
The Future is to us a fundless speculator; the Present a
commercial bankrupt; but we have still our investment with the
Past at compound interest, yielding us a steady income of kindly
Perhaps our preference for things of yore may arise in part from
causes within ourselves. First impressions are more vivid than
the hackneyed repetitions of after-life. We sip our sparking
Carte d'or to-day with critical fastidiousness, but with
less enjoyment than our undiscriminating palates found in the
spurious, cloying hindsight of our boyhood. The beauty of last
season's blooming ball-room debutantes pales before our
recollection of the belles of our time. It may be that in some
respects we deserve the supercilious sneer with which our
new-fledged supplantors quote at us, Laudatores temporis acti;
but let us comfort ourselves, O respectable contemporary! in
the conservative conviction that alterations are not always
improvements; let us thank God that, with regard to many dear
old customs, though the times have changed, we have not changed
with them! However beneficial modern improvements may
be in the matters of domestic architecture, gas, water-works,
and abstract science, the continual remodeling of our social
institutions has resulted, possibly in a higher external polish,
but certainly in deterioration of the original fabric.
Are there such parents nowadays as those of our childhood?
I think not. Mothers there are in plenty, Heaven be praised!
who fondly love their little ones, and who would willingly
fulfill their maternal duties if they only knew how; but the
delectable system of modern education which has fostered them
is vastly different from that which gave our mothers fewer
ornamental accomplishments, perhaps, but more practical
knowledge of womanhood's mission. They can execsite
miraculous fantasies upon eight octave grand
pianos (modern monstrosities of indiscriminable bass and
unattainable treble). They can glibly run over the list
of the most approved asodistes here or abroad.
They can display sylphide grace and prodigious endurance
in the German Cotillion. But, with the best intentions
in the world, they can not efficiently supervise their
nurseries and store-rooms. When Canal Street was the uppermost
boundary of our good city of Manhattan, dames of the highest
fashion were deeply versed in household lore - had penetrated
all the occult mysteries of culinary alchemy - possessed
vast knowledge concerning remedies for infantile ailments,
and could and did find time to direct in person the operations
of their domestics; to embody in palatable palpability
sundry prized rescipes for cake and confectionary; to
administer chastisement to refractory inmates of the nursery;
to do all that should or could be done in a well-ordered,
cheerful home, and yet to keep up outside social intercourse.
Now the exigencies of an interminable visiting list and a
constantly-to-be-replenished wardrobe leave but little
leisure for housewifery; and if a modern matron see her
children twice a day, and be able to tell her husband what
there is for dinner, it is about as can be expected of her.
And we ourselves, male reader! are we to our wives, sons,
and daughters, what our fathers were to theirs? or do our
business affairs monopolize our days, and our clubs absorb
our nights, until home and family have become mere empty
words, which touch no pleasurable chord within within us?
Do you remember when the busiest merchants came home to dinner
at three o'clock, and, save perhaps on mail nights
(less frequent then than in these days of steam), spent their
afternoon and evenings in the happy circle around the crackling
wood-fire? when there were but two theatres, one gambling-hall,
and no club in Gotham - when bar-rooms were but few and far
between, and in their stead, great bins of centennarian
Madeira furnished private cellars? We have liquid conveniences
now on every block, and the Tiger claims his jungles
on every hand; but are we the better in morals or pockets?
Clubs and theatres abound in our thoroughfares, but are our
real enjoyments enhanced thereby? Lint-air furnaces and
anthracite coal have banished wood-fires; but what we have
gained in warmth we have lost in cheerfulness. Our incomes
are larger than those of our progenitors, to be sure; but
all the wealth for which we toil so hard can not purchase
for us a tithe of their genuine comfort - can not compensate
us for the estrangement from family ties entailed upon its
pursuit. Solomon's apophthegm of the dinner of herbs and
the stalled ox will thrust its antithesis upon us some day
when we have become millionaires and confirmed dyspeptics;
when our sons are irreclaimable rakes and gamesters; and our
daughters shining lights of fast watering-place cliques,
conscience will whisper a few tardy hints concerning the
natural guardianship of youth.
By nature's usual rule of compensation, as parental care
diminishes some other influence should intervene to protect
infancy and childhood; but, alas! such is not the case.
Where is the nurse of our earlier days? the matronly old
soul whose kindly but strict discipline preserved order among
her half dozen unruly nursery subjects; who held us entranced
for hours together with marvelous recitals of faerie; who
mended our ailments and our morals with equal assiduity;
whose unyielding grasp subdued our struggles when, supine
in her broad lap, nauseous doses gurlged down our protesting
throats. What has become of her Bible, her silver spectacles,
her snowy cap, her dear old self? She has passed away, and
in her place modern Fashion allots to each child a separate
attendant in the person of a slatternly, semi-idiotic Irishwoman,
whose chief characteristics are utter ignorance of the care of
children combined with general negligence, mendacity, and a
misplaced attachment of tawdry finery; whose numerous retinue of
cousins encumber our kitchens, devour our viands,
drink our wines, and smoke our cigars; whom you may see at
any time absorbed in amatory colloquy with some loutish
compatriot on the benches of our parks, while her luckless
charge rolls unheeded on the damp grass to the serious
detriment of its health and clothing; whose religious fervor
and evenings out place her mistress at most inconvenient
times in the position of a subordinate menial.
But if the nurses of this degenerate era are deserving of
reprobation, what shall we say of the other members of our
kitchen cabinets? Of a verity, if all the outcry about
down-trodden Celts and Saxon oppressors were true,
the wrongs of Erin would be amply redressed - ay, and a heavy
balance accredited to the other side by the exactions of our
Hibernian domestic tyrants! John Leech, in his Flunkeyania
and Servantgalism, has portrayed minor phases of the
insolence of servitude; but the transatlantic pictures sink
into utter, abject enslavement of our New York households
under Irish despotism. Time was when no fictitious gloss of
varnish shone upon the mahongany of our fathers, but wax and
sturdy elbow grease were applied each day until the
table's surface mirrored the well-washed glass pendants of
the chandelier above; when the brass mountings of the grates
and fire-irons must be burnished into dazzling brightness;
when oil-lamps were to be trimmed and filled, and water,
whether for potation or ablution, to be fetched from the pump
at the corner; and all these and other multifarious duties
were performed by two, or at most three, servants for a large
family. Under the new regime we are assailed by each and every
applicant for exorbitant wages, with a formal routine of
questions somewhat in this fashion: How many of ye in the
family? Have ye gas and stationary tubs, and hot and cowld
wather? I'll not do the nurse's washin'. I have every other
Sunday mornin', an' Sunday an' Wednesday evenin's every week.
Do ye keep a girrul to wash up the kitchen things afther me?
Is the kitchen light an' airy? Do ye have nirly dinner o'
Sundays, bekase I likes to have me afthernoons to meself?
These new-fangled domestics are required for half the
work performed in former times by one, and, as bad as they are,
Materfamilias has learned by sad experience that each change
makes matters worse, and is afraid to find fault or demur to
their exactions, in dread of their conventional Very well,
ma'am, then if ye plaze ye'll suit yerself wid another girrul
an' I'll lave whin me month's up. In good sooth,
if Ireland for the Irish imply the re-emigration of all
be-hooped iconoclasts from our intelligence offices back to
their own verdant isle, the Fenian cause has no more sincere
well-wisher than the present writer.
News from Around the US
March 7th edition
A man named H.T. HARRISON was shot dead at Gallice Creek, on the 23rd
of November by George W. CUPS. HARRISON was a native of Carolina,
and aged about forty years.
In Washington Territory, the Indians were still troublesome. Lieut.-
Col. CASEY, of the 9th Infantry, commanding at Fort Steilacoom, will
leave on a visit to the States soon. Capt. MALONEY, next in rank, will
assume the command.
September 5th edition
Dupont's powder mill, at Wilmigton, Del., blew up on the 22nd
ult., terribly injuring Mr. Alexander DUPONT and several others.
A fire in West Philadelphia last week destroyed the residence
of Mr. Wm. CRAWFORD and Mr. John BEARD, on the Lancaster Road.
P.M. COLEMAN has been sentenced in the Logan circuit court, Ky.,
to be hung on the 16th of October for the murder of Mrs. BAGLEY.
James L. LYELL, a private banker of twenty years standing in
Detroit, closed his doors on the 27th ult. The suspension of
the Ohio Trust Company was the immediate cause of his failure.
A man named Michl. FITZGIBBON was stabbed and killed on the 22nd
ult., in South Danvers, Ma., while returning from a Christening.
A man named Nicholas HARRIGAN has been arrested for the crime.
We learn from the Louisville Courier that Edward MYLOTT, an
assistant under Sydney S. LYON, Esq., Geological Surveyor of
Kentucky, was drowned on the falls a few days ago, by the upsetting
of a skiff.
September 12th edition
Miss Mary CRAWLEY, of Worcester, Mass., lost her life a few days
since by the busting of a can of fluid from which she was pouring
some on a fire for the purpose of quickening it.
A man named James CORRIGAN died in Hoboken, N.J., on the 31st ult.,
from the effects of a beating which he received on the previous
Wednesday, from one Patrick SCULLION. The latter has been arrested.
Hughey HUXFORD, a soldier in the war of the Revolution, died in Baltimore,
on the 31st ult., at the advanced age of 101 years. He served under
Gen. WARREN at Bunker Hill, and was also at the Battle of Lexington.
Mr. John McKENNA, whilst walking in the street, in Baltimore, with his
wife, on Sunday week, was fired at by a man named James CLAZEY. The ball
entered his neck, inflicting a dangerous wound. The assailant was arrested
and locked up.
The mail train from Dayton for Sandusky, ran off the track near Castalla,
and the engine and baggage car went over an embankment. Henry ROSS, the
baggage master, David CASSETT, train boy, and Mr. KUNKLE, the editor of a
Sandusky newspaper, were instantly killed and two or three other persons
Setpember 19th edition
On the 6th inst., at Gloucester, Samuel DAVIS shot his wife dead
with a revolver, and with another shot killed himself. Jealousy
is said to have been the cause of the deed.
Mrs. MAXWELL, wife of Matthew MAXWELL, who keeps a receiving barge
for wood near the Hoboken Ferry, was drowned by falling intot he water
while spreading out clothes to dry.
On the morning of the 8th inst., at Roylston Hall, Boston, James
LAMBERT completed the extraordinary feat of walking 1,000 miles in
1,000 successive hours. He was dreadfully exhausted at the conclusion,
and had become so reduced that he only weighed 113 pounds.
A man named John SULLIVAN, who came from Massachusetts a few weeks
since, to work upon the Erie Railroad Tunnel, at Bergen Hill, N.J.,
was found dead on the 8th inst., near the 2nd shaft, with his skull
fractured and other marks of violence upon his body.
September 26th edition
Mrs. Elizabeth BENNETT, of Freehold, N.J., has been found guilty of the
manslaughter of her child.
A man named Michael FETTERS was killed in Snyder Township, Pennsylvania,
by a tree falling on him last week.
A man named John WARD, while intoxicated a day or two since, lay down on
the railroad track at East Hartford, Ct., and was run over by a train and
Rev. G.H. DOANE, son of Dr. DOANE, Protestant Bishop of New Jersey, was
on Sunday week, ordained a Roman Catholic priest in St. Patrick's Cathedral,
James CURRAN, Michael CURRAN and Ellen CONLAN, were fined each last week
by Recorder Bedford in Jesey City, for selling liquor on Sunday.
Nicholas BERRY, pilot, and a boy named RUSH, were drowned in Boston Harbor on
the 17th inst., by the sinking of a boat.
A man named James IRWIN fell overboard from the steamer Richard Stockton, at
Philadelphia, on the 16th ult.; Francois KANE jumped to his assistance, when,
melancholy to relate, both were drowned.
October 3rd edition
The Wreck of the Central America
Statement of the Second Officer
The following particulars of this melancholy tale are given by
Mr. FRAZER, the first mate who was rescued by the Norwegian steamer,
"As near as I can recollect we left Havana, Sept. 8, at 9:25 A.M. and proceeded to sea,
heading for Cape Florida, with the fine moderate breezes and dead sea.
Sept. 9: Begins with a fresh breeze and sea; at 5:30 A.M. Cape Floria bore
a distance 15 miles, seen from aloft; we had fresh breeze and sea; had an
observation, but don't recollect latitude or longitude. As near as I
remember we ran first twenty-six and 286 miles, steering about N. 1/2, following
the Gulf Stream.
Sept. 10: Begins with a strong breeze and sea. Wind from the northward
and inclined to haul to the east. Had an observation this day but I don't
recollect the latitude or longitude; the distance run, up to the time of
observation at meridian, was 215 miles, still going north, or very nearly so.
At 8 P.M., or thereabouts, Mr. VAN RENSSCLEAR, the first officer, handed me a slip
of paper with the course for the night - a practice when the course had to be
changed often during the night. The courses steered were N.N.E.N.E. 1/2 N.,
and E., at different hours of the night, the time for each course to be taken
I don't recollect; but the ship at that time was around the bend of the Gulf
Stream. The wind continued to blow heavy all night.
Sept. 11: Tuesday - I came on deck at 4 A.M. It was blowing fresh, with E.
sea and wind; the sea was running with heavy rain. At 8 o'clock A.M., I was relieved
by the third officer. It was blowing very heavy, but no rain then. About 10 o'clock
A.M., the third officer set the storm spencer or spanker, and kept on until the
sail blew to pieces. He also put down the fore-yard. The gale and rain were now increasing.
He also spread canvas, bolts, sails, etc., in the main rigging, but to no purpose, as the
ship was so high out of the water that she could not head to the wind and sea. At
12 P.M., I came on deck and relieved the third officer; it still continued to blow
heavily, but there was not so much sea as in the forenoon. I had been on the forward
part of the ship about half an hour when the captain came foreward, and I spoke to him
about trying to bring the ship head to wind. He replied it was no use to try, as he had
tried all the forenoon and could not affect it. I then proposed to keep off before the wind
and he told me to do what I could in keeping her away. Mr. VAN RENSSELEAR then came forward,
and told me to rig the forward and afterdeck, blige pumps, which was done. We then started
to set the fore staysail with helm hard to port, but before the staysail was hoisted and the
sheet hauled down the remaining canvas and bolt ropes; then Mr. VAN RENSSELEAR proposed
shifting the the jib bending it on the forestay for a staysail. The captain said, we will try
the foresail by reefing it and dashing the clews to the deck, and heave up the yard with the
yard tackle and fore lifts. So soon as we got it started up, the sail blew to pieces. The
captain then said that there must be a drag put overboard to try and bring the ship head to
wind. We went at it immediately and rigged the fore yard with a heavy anchor hanging to it.
The fore yard had a seven or nine inch hawser fast to it, and we payed out about forty fathoms
at first. It was then about 5 1/2 P.M., the ship still in the trough of the sea. The captain
then ordered us to cut away the foremast and see if that would help to right the ship. She was
then listed over to the leeward, so that people could not walk the deck.
"I may say that she was almost on her beamends. Myself, the boatswain and
Capt., and Mr. BANGER, a passenger, cut away the rigging, and let the foremast
go over the side. In going over the rigging caught foul of the cathead and
anchor, which caused the foremast to shoot under the ship's bottom, forward
of where the foremast had been standing. I do not doubt that when the foremast
went under the ship's bottom, she was injured by it, and probably the leak
increased thereby. I don't know such to be the fact, but she thumped there some
time. All this time - since 2 o'clock - the passengers and crew who were not
employed about the decks were busily engaged in bailing water out of the ship's
hold. After the foremast was cut away we paid out the hawser that was attached
to the drag to about ninety fathoms in all, giving it a turn about the stump of
the foremast. This had no effect on the ship. At about 7 P.M. all hands -
passengers and crew - went to work bailing and pumping the water out of the ship.
About between 9 and 10 P.M., the water was on a stand, not gaining any; but after
that appeared to gain faster than ever. The wind was then about northward, blowing
heavily. At 11 o'clock the hawser attached to the hawser chafed and parted, and
our drag was therefore gone.
Sept. 12, Saturday - The day began with a very heavy gale and hazy horizon, with some
rain, but not so much as on the day previous; the people still bailing and pumping.
We hoisted a signal of distress at daylight; wind ward. At 5 o'clock, or daylight,
rigged several beef and pork barrels and commenced bailing with them by hoisting them
up with (illegible). At 6:44 A.M., I cut the starboard chain and let the starboard
anchor go, which appeared for awhile to ease the ship. The wind was still blowing
heavy, in squalls, and hauling to the southward and westward; the water in the ship
(article cut off)
Sept. 12, cont'd:
"The ship sank almost instantly. When I came to the top of the water the only thing
I saw was about ten feet of the ship's funnel above water. It went out of sight
instantly. Around where I came up there must have been over one hundred people and great
quantities of drift wood. I tore off my overcoat and boots and swam out from the crowd.
After being some twenty minutes in the water, I discovered a light to the eastward. The wind
was then about south-west. I, in company of two others, swam towards the light, but I
found if I stopped with my companions, I must sink, so I left them. I then came up with
Dr. HARVEY, who was bound towards the same light that I saw. We went on and saw a bark
here to, hailed her, and were taken on board. This was the bark, Ellen. I was perfectly
unconscious, and I recollect nothing that transpired from that time until the morning after.
The captain continued his search until after 11 o'clock on the 13th (Sunday), and received
forty-nine of the survivors."
It was hoped that the schooner referred to (by the second officer in
his statement) may have picked up some of the unfortunate sufferers in
addition to those already known to be saved. But this expectation was
dispelled on Thursday last, by the arrival at Boston, of the vessel in
question, the El Dorado, of New York, Capt. STONE. He reports that he
lay to during the night and cruised about the spot where the steamer's
lights were last seen until next day but saw no trace of any of the
passengers of the wreck. Thus vanishes the last hope of hearing of the
safety of any more of the missing.
The following are the names of those who were rescued by the Ellen and
Henry ALLORD, Montreal, Canada West
George A ASHBY, Chief Engineer
C. AYULO, Lima, Peru
Wm. A. ADAMS, Orgeon Bar, Piscer County, California
Mrs. ATHRASSAHN, of Urea?
Louis BRENNEAN, child with Mrs. O'CONNOR
William BLISA, Napa Valley, California
Henry BRUMWELL, Taswell County, Illinois
Morgan BADGELEY, N.Y.
Mrs. Mary BAILEY, California
Mrs. Virginia BLICH, San Francisco, California
F.A. WELLS, Leyden, Mass.
Thomas BRIDE, California
Edward BROWN, sailor
Frederick BROUGHAM, sailor
George BYRNE, Ulster County, New York
John BLACK, boastswain
Mrs. Jane A BADGER, wife of Capt. Thomas W. BADGER of bark, Jane A. FALKENBURG
Captain Thomas W. BADGER
Mrs. Robert T. BROWN
Mrs. Angelina BOWLEY and two children, wife of J. McKIM BOWLEY
William CHANCE, Michigan
John CUMMINGS, Wisconsin
J.M. CASEY, Arkansas
Randolph CASEY, California
James CLARK, sailor
John CLASH, fireman
H. H. CHILDS, East 32nd Street, New York
John H. CHILDS, East 32nd Street, New York
John M. CRAFTS
Mrs. Eliza G. GURATHERS, Placer County, California
Michael DWYER, waiter
John DAVIDSON, sailor
John DAVIS, sailor
Susan P. ETTORCELL, stewardess
John D. EMMONS
Ausei I. EASTON
Mrs. EASTON, Adie Mills, California
Mrs. Cynthia ELLIS and four children, California
W.T. FLETCHER, Maine
James M. FRAZER, second officer, Central America
Thomas FRAZER, New York
Finley FRASIER, quartermaster, Central America
Adolph FREDERICK, California
Miss Winifred FALLON and brother, San Jose, California
J.N. FA?LENO, Cincincatti, Ohio
Mrs. Jane FELL and two children, California
John FOSTER, England
W.W. GEARY, Jersey, England
James GALLAGHER, New York
Alexander GARDENER, Philadelphia
Mr. GLAY, El Dorado County, California
John GARISON, Capt. HERNDON'S servant
Edward HIGGINS, scaman
Joabez HOWES, San Francisco
Henry HAUMAN, New York
Astron R. HOLCOMB, saloon cook, Central America
Henry HARDENBURGH, ship's cook
Robert HUTCHINSON, Virginia
Mrs. Ada HAWLEY and two children, California
Mrs. Jane HARRIS and child, California
Edward HODGES, St. John's, N.B.
Henry HETHRINGTON, fireman
Dr. O. HARVEY, Placerville, California
Edward HODGS, Illinois
Mrs. Rossie HAHNED and three children, California
John JAMES, fireman
Frank O. JONES, Sacramento, California
William JACKSON, Quartermaster
John JONES, fireman
Henry KEEPER, Second Assistant Engineer
Henry KIMBALL, St. Lawrence County, New York
Mrs. Almina M. KITTRIDGE, Santa Cruz
Jerry W. LOOK, Maine
B.M. LEE, Pittsburgh, Penn.
Robert LONG, Quartermaster
Mrs. Harriet LOCKWOOD, Lafayette, Indiana
Miss Rose Alice LOCKWOOOD
Miss Harriet LOCKWOOD
Master R.A. LOCKWOOD
James John McCABE
Charles McCARTY, Chief Engineer, Golden Gate
Thomas McNEIGH, Bloomsburg, Penn.
Barley McCARTHY, coal passer
Timothy McMEOGH, sailor
Mrs. Anne McNEIL, San Francisco, wife of William McNEIL, firm of DeLany & McNeil, San Francisco
James McLANE, sailor
Edward MORSE, Boston, Massachusetts
Judge A.C. MONSON, Sacramento
Mrs. Amanda MORVAN, California
E.P. MALONE, Wisconsin
Henry T. O'CONNOR, Albany, New York
Mrs. ? O'CONNOR, Albany, New York
W.W. OSBOURNE, Panama
Amanda MARON, Chicago
Mrs. PAKUD and three children, San Francisco
Susan PATERSON, servant to Mrs. THAYER
Theodore PAYNE, San Francisco
Albert PRIEST, Sacramento
Jacob QUENCER, Watertown, New York
Douglass RUTHERFORD, Wisconsin
Charles REED, New York
Mary Ann ROCKWELL, California
Mrs. Ann REDDING, New York
Mrs. F. KAHAN BELLEVILLE, Illinois
David RAYMOND, Quartermaster
Richard REED, sailor
Auge RICHON, Lima, Belgian Consul at Lima and bearer of despatches to French government
Robert H. RIELEY, Maine
Joseph H. ROSS, Ohio
Henry A. RUNNEL
Mrs. Mary RUDWILL, Nevada County, California
Julius STETSON, Kingstown, Mass.
Benjamin SEGUR, St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. SEGUR and two children, St. Louis, Mo.
Mrs. Mary SWAN and child, California
George STEWART, fireman
Mrs. Ann SINALL and child, Massachusetts
Miss Eliza SMITH, Tuolomne County, California
Joseph SCHULER, California
John C. TAYLOR, Cohoes Falls, New York
Mrs. B.B. THAYER and two children, San Francisco
Gitano TESTOR, Genoa, Italy
E. James TRAVIS, sailor
Mrs. Ann TRAVIS and two children, Alvarado, California
Miss Francis A. THOMES, California
Charles A. VOSE, Francistown, New Hampshire
Mrs. H. VAN HAGER and one child, Binghamton, New York
The following are the names of those supposed to be lost, as far as can be ascertained:
Geroge BUDDINGTON, third assistant engineer
Fred. BROWN, seaman
Arnold BELT, coal passer
Richard BELL, coal passer
John BANKS, ashman
James BRENNAN, ashman
James BRESLIN, waiter
John BLUE, waiter
Charles H. BOYD, seaman
J.M. BIRCH, President California Mail (illegible) Company
Gabriel E. BRUSH, baggage master, Panama Railroad
Mr. BROWN, Taft & Co.
Mr. BAKER, New York
Dr. BYAUNT, California
Joseph CLARK, fourth assistant engineer
Bernard CONKLIN, fireman
Robert CARN, fireman
Chris. CHALLAM, coal passer
Charles CORNELL, scullion
Benj. COLT, Hancock County, Illinois
John DAVISON, seaman
John DAWNEY, fireman
DEWEY (first name not given), brother of S.P. DEWEY, Syracuse, New York
Richard DOYLE, fireman
Lucy DAWSON, stewardess of Central America - died on board the Marine
Henry DEAN, New York
Mr. DOBBIN, brother to the late secretary of the Navy
Patrick EVANS, ashman
E. ELLIS, California
Oreill ETT, captain's servant
Pascal ESQUERRA, Saragossa, Spain, who had been a mercahnt in Valparaiso, Chile
FARMER (first name not given), Syracuse, New York. Mr. FARMER'S wife had been in New York for several days awaiting the arrival of the Central America with her husband
Lawrence FALLON, California
John GILLE?URIE, coal passer
Bartlett GAYNOR, waiter
John S. FREEMAN, waiter
Wm. FLYNN, fireman's mess boy
Thorto GETANO, Genoa, Italy
Alexander GRANT, fireman
Patrick GWINN, coal passer
Dr. GIBBS, Columbia, CAL.
GIBBS (first name not given), Waltham, Mass.
Wm. L. HERNDON, captain, Central America
K.W. HULL, purser
W.H. HULL, ship's storekeeper
Martin HYDE, fireman
J. HERNE, Missouri
J. HOGAN, waiter
Jas. HENRY, waiter
John HENRY, cook
W. HARE, waiter
F.H. HAWLEY, California
Hanson HERNE, Missouri
HUTCHINS (first name not given), young man, son of a farmer residing near Boston
Wm. JONES, 4th assistant engineer
John KIERNELI?, ashman
Samuel LAWRENCE, seaman
Kilas LIBBY, waiter
Wm. LEE, Canada
Mr. MARVINE, Buffalo, New York, agent for steambasin between Buffalo and Chicago. Mr. MARVINE was the husband of the lady with whom John LEONARD left his money.
McCARTHY (first name not given), Genesee County, New York, farmer
Charles A. MYERS, third officer, Central America
Donald McDONALD, fourth assistant engineer
N. L. McBRIDE, steward
Archibald METIETT, waiter
Wm. MYERS, waiter
Wm. McLELLAND, baker
Tim McEVANS, seaman
John McCUMIN, coal passer
Mr. MARIN, California
(illegible) NASH, servant
W. H. MARVIN, Sacramento
William McNEIL, firm of Delaney & Hephell, San Francisco
Adolph OLLAQUE, Peru, aged 17 years
Ricardo OLLAQUE (his brother), aged 12 years
Thomas PARKER, seaman
John PATTERSON, butcher
Richard PALMER, waiter
Philip PU?LER, waiter